Hodgkin, Dorothy


Hodgkin, Dorothy
   b. 1910, Cairo (Egypt); d. 1994
   Chemist
   Hodgkin was a chemist who was little known until she won the 1964 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for her analysis of the most complex of the vitamins, B12. She began her academic career at Oxford and continued her analyses of complex biochem-ical substances at Cambridge from 1948 to 1956. She used X-rays to examine photographs of B12-related crystals. She also helped to conduct a large survey of the sterols (solid, mostly unsaturated, polycyclic alcohols such as cholesterol, derived from plants or animals). In 1961 she collaborated with the American crystallographer P.Galen Lenhert to complete the analysis of vitamin B12 in its natural occurrences. She also worked on the structure of penicillin and of many other important biochemicals.
   See also: science
   MIKE STORRY

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

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  • Hodgkin,Dorothy Mary Crowfoot — Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot. 1910 1994. Egyptian born British chemist. She won a 1964 Nobel Prize for determining the structure of compounds needed in combating pernicious anemia. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot — ▪ British chemist Introduction née  Dorothy Mary Crowfoot   born May 12, 1910, Cairo, Egypt died July 29, 1994, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, Eng.  English chemist whose determination of the structure of penicillin and 12 (vitamin B12) brought …   Universalium

  • Hodgkin , Dorothy Crowfoot — (1910–1994) British chemist Born Dorothy Crowfoot in Cairo, Egypt, she was educated at Somerville College, Oxford. After a brief period as a postgraduate student at Cambridge University, she returned to Oxford in 1934 and spent her entire… …   Scientists

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy Mary Crowfoot — ▪ 1995       British chemist (b. May 12, 1910, Cairo, Egypt d. July 29, 1994, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, England), won the 1964 Nobel Prize for Chemistry for her work in determining the atomic structure of vitamin B12 and other important… …   Universalium

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy M(ary) — orig. Dorothy Mary Crowfoot born May 12, 1910, Cairo, Egypt died July 29, 1994, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, Eng. English chemist. After studying at Oxford and Cambridge, she went to work at Oxford. From 1942 to 1949 she worked on a… …   Universalium

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy M(ary) — orig. Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (12 may. 1910, El Cairo, Egipto–29 jul. 1994, Shipston on Stour, Warwickshire, Inglaterra). Química inglesa. Después de estudiar en Oxford y Cambridge fue a trabajar a Oxford. Desde 1942 hasta 1949 se dedicó al… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hodgkin, Dorothy Crowfoot — ► (1910 94) Científica británica. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1964 por sus descubrimientos en la determinación de las estructuras de ciertas sustancias bioquímicas, esp. la penicilina, mediante la exploración con rayos X …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dorothy Hodgkin — Born 12 May 1910(1910 05 12) Cairo, Egypt Died 29 July 1994(1994 07 29) (age …   Wikipedia

  • Dorothy Hodgkin — Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin OM, geborene Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (* 12. Mai 1910 in Kairo; † 29. Juli 1994 in Shipston on Stour, England) war eine englische Biochemikerin. Für ihre Analyse der Struktur des Vitamins B12… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dorothy M. Hodgkin — Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin. Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin OM, geborene Dorothy Mary Crowfoot (* 12. Mai 1910 in Kairo; † 29. Juli 1994 in Shipston on Stour, England) war eine englische Biochemikerin. Für ihre Analyse der Struktur des Vitamins B12… …   Deutsch Wikipedia